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I highly recommend this interview . Nicholas Lardy is regarded as a solid analyst. The USA has deep resources to back its academics’ analysis.
His work is to be considered.
He describes the rise of the private sector in China and how it is increasing its share of New China’s GDP.
The only area where he might risk criticism is his understanding of the journey of travel of the CCP and the Xi leadership.
My view is that the plan is to develop Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, which means in the next phase managed capitalism, moving the state to a macro level, and enabling the guiding hand of the Party policy role to be felt in a more subtle way.
So Regulation and Strategic shareholdings become more the evidence of leadership. The SOE’s will change their roles and forms to more effectively represent the New China’s direction.
The evolution of the private sector in the West was largely organic and unplanned. The development of China is led and managed by the Party. This is the core of their success over the last 35 years. This is the meaning of the Scientific Path.
It is not about the victory of private over state sectors, but the recognition that capitalist forms are the most effective when seeking to develop innovation and efficient markets.
It is also very deeply rooted in the Adam Smith analysis of capitalism that, left unmanaged, it will create crises of great proportions. Crises are not something a nation of 1.4 billion people can easily manage.
So the management of the market will still be a major form going forward.
We can expect that the private sector will resist the quiet hand of the Party and Government in managing their guiding principles, and so it will be sometimes a quiet hand and sometimes a stick.
But in the end the target is a market economy which meets the growth and social justice targets of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, which continues to deserve serious study.
The sun is shining and that is a pleasant change